80/20 combat training
often questioned in many forums how self-defense and combat training
sport Judo (or other combat sport) training that govern by strict rules
game” and sportsmanship.
training creates solid foundation for developing combat and
skills. Full contact competitive fights build self-confidence, sensory
awareness, and physical skills needed for “true” combat. They provide
environment for polishing technical skills (that fails within range of
limitation) that hard if possible to do any other way. In the grand
things competitive Judo sport fights serve as the highest form of
preparation for combat, but not (and it’s very important) imitation of
rules (of any combat sport) fail into one of two categories: (1) explicit and (2) implicit.
defined in written
documents of sport federations, organizations, clubs, and tournaments.
Implicit rules aren’t
but they enforced even more then explicitly written rules.
explicit rules easy to categorize and to reference, the implicit rules
important to understand as they evasive, but their effect on combat training is
implied rule of combat sport that it is… a sport. Means you are watched
loose the fight, but keep your life. Combat training should address and
this perception as it is no “second chance” in real combat and no
rule (that greatly effect combat training) is that sport fight is
contest. In real life self-defense it is never
one-on-one as you never
know what is around the corner. Also, in a sport fight no
expected, witch is not the case in real life.
rule is that in sport fight your meeting someone who you know (if not
but you know something about him, at least his name) who is expected to
match to your skills. In real life it’s often not the case (even most
by someone known to victim). It creating two opposite problems: you can
underestimate your attacker or overestimate him. When underestimating
is critically dangerous, both are important to avoid as overestimating
you ether legal
problems or “loosing without fight” (I’m not talking about avoiding
It is not
a finite list of implied rules that combat training has to address, and
continue it on your own.
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is a general social
and business rule generally understood as “20% of causes defining 80%
effects” (like “20% of customers making 80% of purchases”, or “20% of
creating 80% of trouble”, or – as it used in defining self-defense
like Krav-Maga – “80% assaults based on 20% scenarios”).
Judo-based combat training
you can interpret it in two distinct versions:
- “20% of all
techniques used in 80% of all situations”
- “80% of
combat readiness based on sport training and 20% are based on
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Judo is known outside of Japan
in three styles – Olympic
jiu-jitsu, and SAMBO.
is limited to a few Japanese universities. Those styles are differ
applicability for self-defense “as-is” and in scope of combat-specific
training needed to make sport skills combat-worthy.
jiu-jitsu is less suitable for self-defense then Olympic Judo and SAMBO
newaza has limited applicability in real-life self-defense scenarios
when on the ground BJJ
tactics pose more problems then benefits as goal should be to get out
means instead of getting good position for secure chock or arm lock –
is better covered by Chinese Di Tang Fa techniques.
There a four
(4) points where sport Judo training should be complemented or adapted for
combat and self-defense:
- Sport Judo
throwing techniques have limitations in self-defense
without firm and continues grip isn’t encouraged and even, in many
situations, punished by sport rules. Every sport technique starts with
getting grip and initiation of attack by getting grip has tactical
habits should be changed for self-defense use where no attack should
a grip and most throws should be delivered from momentary non-continues
- Sport rules
encouraging throws on the full back when in combat you don’t care if
your enemy hit concrete head-first or with the full back – any way it
will take him long time to be able to walk again (legal liability in
case of assailant’s death is other issue, not related to Judo training
proficiency achieved in sport-style throws change to combat-style
very easy and requires just short instructions – basically you need to
“less good” by sport standard.
high amplitude throws without retaining balance in Olympic Judo (as
opposite to sport SAMBO where throw in standing without lost of balance
is of higher value then any throws with lost of balance – it’s in line
with early Kodokan Judo rules).
self-defense balance (and situational awareness) should always be
judoka should be instructed not to use such throws outside of dojo and
a problem as throws with lost of balance designed to overcome skillful
resistance of evenly qualified judoka by using full body mass, witch be
case outside of dojo as throws combined with and complemented by using
- Using joint
locks and chocks only on the ground (newaza) and restrictions on small
techniques instructions are based on (well trained) newaza joint locks
technique and more about removing of sport-based restrictions then
new physical skills.
against and using of strikes.
explicitly banned in all styles of sport Judo. This is the area where
judoka needs instructions on defense and on use of strikes (attemi)
that in line with how Aikido techniques incorporating attemi.
and self-defense striking skills with grappling (Judo, wrestling)
different then when striking style (boxing, kickboxing) masters:
learn how to block strike and how to make strike when boxers should
and how not to strike as some of
sport-style strike defenses and punches and kicks are risky and
- Sport vs.
self-defense tactical differences.
should gear toward short brutal repel of any type of attack instead of
grappling engagement typical for sort fight.
self-defense tactic should include instructions on risk avoidance,
and typical assault scenarios including group assaults and role play
is critical part as selecting wrong response tactic and misreading
by otherwise well trained and effective combat master may coast him
four arias where proficient sport judoka needs instructions to adapt
skills for real-life self-defense and combat. This adaptation is
straightforward. 80/20 combat training based on sport Judo skills is
– Russian Special Forces since WWII recruited with preference for
combat sport training
in SAMBO, boxing, and, later, sport Judo.