Judo throw: its major classification types and application
In Judo throw is a technique to unbalance opponent.
martial arts are expected to be the most spectacular techniques. And
also distinct throw from take-downs: in throw you count the
flying phase while contact with the ground is lost and in take-down
with the ground kept at all times. This is a reasonable distinction
one problem: same (but not all) techniques can be executed at one time
as a throw
and at another as a take-down, depends on your opponent movement and
situation. In this case designation as throw or take-down based on most
and most refined version. Look this
link for potential problem, it can create.
self-defense rules of sport Judo throw grading aren’t applicable: plain
may be as effective as high amplitude throws and throwing side or
good as putting your attacker on the full back.
initial introduction of any throwing technique to a student should be
its most refined sport version.
is the starting point from which each judoka will customize it for
to the level of a crown
technique (ideally – if he’ll see it fit) and/or convert it
to the self-defense
version. Not all techniques fit all individual judokas. It’s
with leaving something that not fit you aside. However, try it first
on it until you can make this decision with open eyes. As time get by
getting better, you may come back to something, you rejected earlier,
work on the second try. Even if it won’t happen, you need to know your
technical core as you may need to defend against it.
All Judo throws can be divided into several overlapping groups by number of
of tori body that plays most visible
role in the technique (most important
are always hands/arms):
over chest (suplex)
by lifting with leg
by block with leg
by foot swipe
of the (primary) movement (vs. uke position):
tori throw ending position:
a fall (sitting or roll)
This is a
very coarse Judo throw grouping. Each individual technique will
in one group in each category. However, many throws, especially
throws that results from adaptation
of a standard technique by individual masters, may fell in more then
in each category and may “change” its classification attributes depends
specific tactical situation while retaining in full all its technical
In Judo throw
be executed in two tactical situations:
- Tori and uke
are in firm grip contact with each other and acting as a whole physical
object with shared center of mass. If mutual grip will be broken, both
will be unable to retain balance without changing posture.
- Tori and uke
both maintained their own balance and have no firm grip (or any grip)
on each other
First situation is
typical for sport
Judo fights and can accrue in real-life combat in non-striking attack
tactical goal is to get submission – police
arresting, as example).
tactical environment throw can be performed ether on tori support
throw on tori support requires shared center of mass to move firmly
support platform formed by his feet. In plain terms tori needs to lift
This are typically forward throws (vs. uke – tori needs to get him
however, it can be any direction based on tori tactical preparation
in attack and ending position can be any, with preference to standing
throw on uke support means tori shifting his weight in a way to move
center of mass outside of support platform formed by feet of both, tori
uke. When both, tori and uke, became unbalanced tori
throw to end-up in winning position. Typically it means that tori “hang
uke or “pushing” him. Such throws can be performed in any direction and
end-up with uke’s fall or in knelled position. However, tori may regain
self-balance before completion of a throw and remain in standing.
always easy for outside observer to identify how throw has been
tori or on uke support, but it’s very important for instructor and his
to be clear on how it should be done as weight distribution is a
element of every throwing technique.
Second situation is
more typical for
stable grip contact between tori and uke not established a throw
often performed as a defense against some non-throwing, more often –
attack. This scenario is typical for Aikido.
base tactical scenario for Chinese
in its core defensive, non-grip throws can be used in fast run-and-strike-grip-throw attack when strike-grip can be performed with hand,
upper arm, elbow, or
Judo throw: how many throws exists?