Judo physical skills: role of physical skills in Judo.
idealistic view of Judo, started by early Western advertisement, is
Judo physical skills aren’t important. This view is caved pretty deep
public mindset and setting Judo apart from any other martial art and
sport (even it is just stand-alone style of Judo like SAMBO
jiu-jitsu). Anyone, who ever put his foot on tatami, would
tell you that
this view is seriously misguided at best.
very a technically
diverse martial art and this diversity allows to accommodate physical
weaknesses and to leverage strengths in very wide spectrum.
prominent Judo masters are known for their comparative physical
compensated by unparallel technical skills. History of SAMBO knows
silver winner of Ukraine
championship – Master of Sport of the USSR Dmitri Dashko lost his right
childhood accident long before starting his training. Judo is
taught to blind students. All this are just extreme cases.
other side is Dr. Kano’s original desire to see Judo as universal
for both, physical and emotional, skills development. Positive aspects
training for well round-up physical development specifically pointed
out in "Judo
Kyohan" by Sakujiro Yokoyama and Eisuke Oshima, first
In sport Judo physical skills development is vital part of day-to-day training.
judoka needs to know his objective physical skills as-is and in
relation to his
potential opponents. Every coach needs to understand his student
strengths and weaknesses and build personalized
training program upon it (well, it’s in ideal word, I know
comes to self-defense the physical skills aren’t any less critical.
enough to know how to defend
yourself, but also be physically
capable of doing it – everyone knows how to lift eighty pound suitcase
handle, but not everyone able to do
sport Judo training, in self-defense evaluation of student’s physical skills is
important part of instructor’s job.
Physical skill groups:
- Movement coordination
has subdivisions within – strength can be static (resistance or
motion) and dynamic (fast motion, explosion strength), endurance can be
(based on efficiency of oxygen consumption) or anaerobic (from
glycogen resources), etc.
specified detail analyses (often involving sport medicine specialists)
sense for high-achievement athletes, including top-tier sport Judo
are pushing upper limit of human abilities.
mass-level Judo training and in self-defense more coarse analyses will
technical diversity all four physical skill groups are important and
leveraged. On the same token this diversity, coupled with matching tactic,
to compensate (at least partially) for some particular skill weakness.
Judo-based self-defense the same rule would apply. The difference
and sport Judo
training is that in self-defense instructor doesn’t have the
defer teaching of some technical elements “for later” coupled with
of some missing physical skills, but should find best substitution from
technical set that leveraging student’s current strengths while solving
tactical goal. The good news that self-defense training doesn’t
limited to legal sport Judo
and can utilize the notion of asymmetric
witch makes instructor’s creative task a bit easier (given that
well versed in wide range of self-defense technique and tactic that not
to single formal martial art).
valuable point to mention is that plain static physical strength, as
as it is, can’t substitute for other Judo physical skills.
muscle based on the weight training popular nowadays (like used for
bodybuilding) may lead to reducing muscle efficiency (per cent of
strings that take active part in movement) and impede effective
speed, coordination, and endurance.
combat sport like sumo
where brutal power and weight plays very important role, in some cases
masters had to lose body weight
a result the total strength) in order to improve their tournament
Judo physical skills and personalized training